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Diabetes

In 2007, about 7.8 percent of the entire population of the United States has diabetes. However, death caused by more serious secondary conditions ensues among these affected individuals when diabetes remains uncontrolled. Hence, those who manifest symptoms of diabetes (like frequent urination, weight loss, excessive thirst, and tingling sensation on the extremities) must request a consultation with a specialist on diabetes as early as possible so as to prevent the occurrence of complications.

Definition
Physicians who specialize in the science of diabetes mellitus are called diabetologists. And, the field that they have chosen is actually a subspecialty of a larger medical science branch called endocrinology.

Diabetologists are medical doctors who are concerned with the study of, diagnosis, management, and treatment of the endocrine system disease called diabetes mellitus. In order for them to make a solid diagnosis, the diabetologists order tests such as fundoscopy, blood glucose level, HbA1C, urinalysis, visual acuity test, and nerve conduction study.

Part of the job of the diabetologists is to manage and treat diabetes mellitus. One of the methods used by these medical professionals in managing the disease is to prescribe a glucose-regulating agent like insulin. They also ask for regular blood glucose monitoring and provide foot care. Moreover, they also advise their patients about proper diet so as to manage diabetes appropriately.

Types of Patients
Based on the title of the medical specialist, it is obvious that these medical specialists deal with diabetes mellitus. Of course, diabetologists take care of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. But then, there are other problems that occur in conjunction with diabetes and these are also treated by diabetologists. Some of these are: hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, foot ulcer, arteriosclerosis, and diabetic ketoacidosis.

But aside from taking care of the main disease itself, they also dedicate themselves to the management of possible conditions that may arise secondary to diabetes. Some of these health problems are nephropathy (kidney damage), retinopathy (eye damage), and peripheral neuropathy (damage on the nerves of the peripheral nervous system).

Work
As physicians, it is natural that diabetologists work directly with their patients. However, their profession has also been found to be very flexible since they can also be engaged in research works. These professionals can also do field works in a form of an outreach program with a sole purpose of educating the population who are at risk of having diabetes.

Diabetes doctors by state:
Alabama
Arizona
California
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin