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Geneticist

The gene is probably one of the most interesting elements that make living things whole. It is the basis of why we inherit brown eyes, black hair, and even the unique sculpture of our bodies. There are other mysteries behind genes that are needed to be discovered and it is proper to leave this task to the geneticists.

Definition
Scientists who devote themselves in studying genetics are called geneticist. Their concern revolves around the science of heredity and genes. They do large numbers of research studies in order to find out more facts hidden behind genetics itself.

As medical doctors, geneticists' main goal is to diagnose and treat patients that are affected with hereditary conditions and congenital malformations. In addition, these professionals can also do analysis on mutation and other genetic risks. In some cases, these experts refer patients to other medical specialists when they find it to be necessary.

Clinical geneticists are caught up with almost all angles of the medical practice concerning genetic disorders. They work directly with patients for the purpose of determining a disease and find out the prognosis of the hereditary diseases. Moreover, these medical specialists conduct research studies on the heritable illnesses common to humans.

Types of Patients
Genetic doctors practice their profession by detecting gene-related illnesses and they also find ways to manage them. In the hospital setting, the role of these medical professionals includes testing fetuses if they possess any genetic disorders. Furthermore, they also deal with those who desire to become parents and they check these individuals for any possibilities of passing hereditary illnesses to their children in the future.

There are various kinds of diseases that can actually be caused by one common factor: heredity. Some of the conditions that are dealt with in the field of clinical genetics are mental retardation, autism, dysmorphology, and birth defects. Patients suffering from mitochondrial and metabolic disorders are also seen by clinical geneticists.

Heredity has become one of the many factors that increase the risk of a person to contract a disease. As a matter of fact, it has been found that inheriting certain genes causes occurrence of endocrine, cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurology, renal, and psychiatric conditions.

Work Setting
Geneticists are sometimes found practicing privately in their personal offices. Most of the time, however, these medical specialists are hired together with a team (consisting of genetic counselors and other scientists) in regional medical centers. Pediatric-centered institutions also hire clinical geneticists since these medical experts deal with conditions that manifest among children.

Geneticist doctors by state:
Alabama
Arizona
California
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nevada
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin