Leukemia is one of the four major types of cancer. It is characterized by the abnormal count and proliferation of leukocytes or white blood cells. That's why it is often called the cancer of the blood. Aside from being a cancer, leukemia is also a type of blood disease. It affects the production of blood and its components.
Leukemia is just one of the most common diseases a hematologist oncologist deals with. So what is a hematologist oncologist, and what makes it different from a hematologist
and an oncologist
The word "hematology" comes from the two Greek words "haima" meaning blood and "logia" meaning study; thus, hematology is the study of blood, blood-forming organs, and blood and bone marrow diseases. A hematologist therefore is a medical professional that specializes in diagnosing, preventing and treating blood diseases. Most hematologists nowadays further study oncology, a medical field concerned with the treatment of tumors. An oncologist is a medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing, preventing and treating cancer. Combining the two professions gives the appropriate definition of a hematologist oncologist. A hematologist oncologist is a physician with combined specialty of hematology and oncology. To become a hematologist oncologist, one must undergo 3-year internal medicine training and 2-year hematology and oncology specialization.
Types of Patients
Being an expert in hematology and oncology, hematology oncologists can treat a wide range of diseases. They can treat hemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, which are termed bleeding disorders. They can also treat hematological malignancies like lymphoma and leukemia. They can also treat hemoglobinopathies, and many more blood disorders. Also, they can do bone marrow and stem cell transplantation.
Aside from these, they can also diagnose any cancer in a patient. They use diagnostic methods like incisional or excisional biopsy, upper or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, bronchoscopy, nasendoscopy, radiological techniques (x-rays, CT scan, MRI scan and ultrasound), nuclear medicine methods (scintigraphy, single photon emission computed tomography, positron emission tomography), blood tests and tumor markers.
For the treatment of blood diseases and cancer, hematologist oncologists give diet advice and prescribe oral medication. They also do some therapy like anticoagulation therapy, adjuvant therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. They also perform surgeries such as bone marrow transplant.
Hematologist Oncologist doctors by state:
AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsin