There are certain diseases that cannot be medically treated and this is the reason why there is a need for more invasive interventions. And, this type of management would not be executed without the help of a physician who specializes in surgical treatment, a surgeon.
Surgery is a term that originated from the combination of two Greek words "cheir" (hand) and "ergon" (work). These two words are put together in order to form "cheirourgia" which means "a work that is performed with the use of the hands".
This branch of medical science focuses in medical treatment while utilizing invasive procedures. It also includes taking away of a damaged tissue, cutting a body part, and repairing of a severed tissue. Those who are involved in these types of methods of management may be a dentist, a physician, or even a veterinarian. In simple terms, surgeons are those who specialize in treating diseases and other conditions that entail operative procedures.
Types of Patients
In reality, no specific surgeon can provide operative on all types of diseases. There is always a specific type of surgeon that can deal with a particular type of disease. For example, a patient that has a cardiovascular problem is seen by a cardiac surgeon
. Some of the heart and blood vessel problems that are taken care of by cardiovascular surgeons are congenital heart disease, ischemic heart disease, and valvular heart disease. And, the procedures that are performed by these surgeons in order to treat these include coronary artery bypass grafting, heart transplantation, etcetera.
Colorectal surgeons, on the other hand, are concerned with the diseases and disorders of the lower gastrointestinal tract including the colon, the rectum, and the anus. Imperforate anus, rectal prolapse, fistulas, hemorrhoids, anal fissure, and severe constipation disorders are just some of the many colorectal problems that this type of surgeon deals with.
As what has been stated earlier, surgery depends on the problem manifested by the patient. Some of the subspecialties under surgery are: oral
, maxillofacial and plastic surgery
, neurological surgery
, obstetrics and gynecology surgery
, thoracic, oncology surgery
, ophthalmology, orthopedic surgery
, and so on.
Surgeon doctors by state:
AlabamaAlaskaArizonaCaliforniaDistrict of ColumbiaFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming